Production of haploids from anther culture of banana (Musa balbisiana (BB))

  • Authors : Assani, A.; Bakry, F.; Kerbellec, F.; Haïcour, R.; Wenzel, G.; Foroughi-Wehr, B.

  • Document type : Journal article

  • Year of publication : 2003

  • Journal title : Plant Cell Reports

  • Volume (number) : 21 (6)

  • Pages : 511-516

  • Peer-reviewed : Yes

  • ISSN : 0721-7714; 1432-203X

  • Language(s) : English

  • Abstract : We report here, for the first time, the production of haploid plants of banana Musa balbisiana (BB). Callus was induced from anthers in which the majority of the microspores were at the uninucleate stage. The frequency of callus induction was 77 percent. Callus proliferation usually preceded embryo formation. About 8 percent of the anthers developed androgenic embryos. Of the 147 plantlets obtained, 41 were haploids (n=x=11). The frequency of haploid production depended on genotypes used: 18 haploid plants were produced from genotype 'Pisang klutuk', 12 from 'Pisang batu', seven from 'Pisang klutuk wulung' and four from 'Tani'. The frequency of regeneration was 1.1 percent, which was based on the total number of anthers cultured. Diploid plants (2n=2x=22) were also observed in the regenerated plants. The haploid banana plants that were developed will be important material for the improvement of banana through breeding programmes. (Author's abstract).


  • Open access : No

  • Document on publisher's site : close View article on publisher's site

  • Musalit document ID : IN040058

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