Transgenic Cavendish bananas with resistance to Fusarium wilt tropical race 4



  • Authors : Dale, J.; James, A.; Paul, J.Y.; Khanna, H.; Smith, M.; Peraza-Echeverria, S.; Garcia-Bastidas, F.; Kema, G.H.J.; Waterhouse, P.; Mengersen, K.; Harding, R.

  • Document type : Journal article

  • Year of publication : 2017

  • Journal title : Nature Communications

  • Volume (number) : 8 (1)


  • Pages : 1496

  • Peer-reviewed : Yes

  • ISSN : 2041-1723

  • Language(s) : English

  • Abstract : Banana (Musa spp.) is a staple food for more than 400 million people. Over 40% of world production and virtually all the export trade is based on Cavendish banana. However, Cavendish banana is under threat from a virulent fungus, Fusarium oxysporum f. sp. cubense tropical race 4 (TR4) for which no acceptable resistant replacement has been identified. Here we report the identification of transgenic Cavendish with resistance to TR4. In our 3-year field trial, two lines of transgenic Cavendish, one transformed with RGA2, a gene isolated from a TR4-resistant diploid banana, and the other with a nematode-derived gene, Ced9, remain disease free. Transgene expression in the RGA2 lines is strongly correlated with resistance. Endogenous RGA2 homologs are also present in Cavendish but are expressed tenfold lower than that in our most resistant transgenic line. The expression of these homologs can potentially be elevated through gene editing, to provide non-transgenic resistance.

  • Keywords : DISEASE RESISTANCE; GENETICALLY MODIFIED ORGANISMS; FIELD TRIALS; TROPICAL RACE 4

  • Open access : Yes

  • Document on publisher's site : open View article on publisher's site

  • Musalit document ID : IN170609


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