Seed Germination Studies in Musa. I. Scarification and Aseptic Germination of Musa balbisiana



  • Authors : Stotzky, G.; Cox, E.A.; Goos, R.D.

  • Document type : Journal article

  • Year of publication : 1962

  • Journal title : American Journal of Botany

  • Volume (number) : 49 (5)


  • Pages : 515-520

  • Peer-reviewed : Yes

  • ISSN : 0002-9122

  • Language(s) : English

  • Abstract : Methods for germinating seeds of Musa balbisiana Colla under aseptic conditions have been developed. Scarification was required for germination under these conditions, and mechanical was superior to chemical scarification. Various methods of mechanical scarification and cultural procedures were developed which facilitated the operation when large numbers of aseptic seedlings were required. Removing a chip from the lateral portion of the seed coat to expose the endosperm was the most effective method of scarification: germination percentages averaged 80%, and the time required for germination in sterile culture was shortened from the 3-6 weeks required for intact seeds in soil to 6-10 days. However, scarification did not shorten the time required for germination in soil, and seeds treated with some methods of mechanical scarification failed to germinate, as a result of their decomposition by microorganisms. The effectiveness of scarification in causing germination in aseptic culture is not presently understood, but, as the excised embryo exhibits no dormancy, the factors delaying germination apparently reside in other portions of the seed.

  • Keywords : MUSA BALBISIANA; SEEDS; GERMINATION; EMBRYO CULTURE

  • Open access : No

  • Document on publisher's site : close View article on publisher's site

  • Musalit document ID : IN170043


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