Xanthomonas vasicola pv. musacearum down-regulates selected defense genes during its interaction with both resistant and susceptible banana

  • Authors : Ssekiwoko, F.; Kiggundu, A.; Tushemereirwe, W.; Karamura, E.B.; Kunert, K.

  • Document type : Journal article

  • Year of publication : 2015

  • Journal title : Physiological and Molecular Plant Pathology

  • Number : 90

  • Pages : 21-26

  • Peer-reviewed : Yes

  • ISSN : 0885-5765

  • Language(s) : English

  • Abstract : Expression of specific R, NPR1 and PR genes was investigated to ascertain their role in the resistance of Musa balbisiana to Xanthomonas vasicola pv. musacearum (Xvm). Following inoculation, wilt symptoms developed in test plants though their incidence and severity climaxed merely at 30% and 20% respectively before recovery. Xvm was limited to the inoculated and the immediate follower leaves and its population in a 50 mg tissue dropped from 3.06 × 107 cfu at 18 days to 0 cfu by 150 days after inoculation (DAI). In susceptible banana, it instead increased from 3.41 × 108 to 1.08 × 1011 cfu by 21 DAI culminating in plant death. Expression of MbNBS, MdNPR1 and PR3 sharply declined during the first 6 h, recovering in the later stages though this did not stop later wilt symptoms developed in resistant and susceptible plants. We concluded that neither hypersensitive response, nor Systemic Acquired Resistance nor Induced systemic resistance is the resistance mechanism for M. balbisiana against Xvm as it suppresses key genes in these pathways.
    • Wild banana, Musa balbisiana (BB) recovers from Xanthomonas wilt disease symptoms.
    • M. balbisiana interferes with the migration and multiplication of Xvm to total clearance from its tissues.
    • Early events include suppression by Xvm of plant genes involved in pathogen detection and the downstream NPR1 and PRs.
    • Later events include recovery of expression of the initially suppressed genes to and above basal levels.
    • Defense gene expression recovery is not a resistance response but indicates loss of defense suppression by Xvm.


  • Open access : No

  • Document on publisher's site : close View article on publisher's site

  • Musalit document ID : IN150181

Generate Citation