Spread of Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum in banana (Musa spp.) plants following infection of the male inflorescence



  • Chapter Authors : Ssekiwoko, F.; Turyagyenda, L.F.; Mukasa, H.; Eden-Green, S.; Blomme, G.

  • Document type : Conference paper

  • Year of publication : 2010

  • Conference : International Conference on Banana and Plantain in Africa on Harnessing International Partnerships to Increase Research Impact, Mombasa, Kenya, 2008/10/05-09

  • Book title : Acta Horticulturae 879

  • Editors : Dubois, T.; Hauser, S.; Staver, C.; Coyne, D.

  • Publisher(s) : ISHS

  • Place of publication : Leuven, Belgium

  • ISBN : 978-90-6605-593-3

  • Pages : 349-356

  • Language(s) : English

  • Abstract : The original publication is available at www.actahort.org.

    Xanthomonas campestris pv. musacearum (Xcm) causes Xanthomonas wilt of banana (Musa spp.) and enset (Ensete ventricosum) in East and Central Africa. The disease is spread by insects that visit the male inflorescence, through the use of infected planting materials and by contaminated garden tools. To evaluate the most appropriate control options, the spread of bacteria within the plant following natural flower infection was studied in Luwero and Mpigi districts of central Uganda. Banana tissue samples were collected from the corm, true stem and leaf sheaths of 'Pisang Awak' (ABB genome) and 'Matooke' (AAA genome) mother plants, showing four progressive stages of disease development: stage 1 - male bud wilting; stage 2 - decaying rachis; stage 3 - premature fruit ripening; and stage 4 - rotting of fruit bunches. Thirty plants were sampled per stage and per cultivar. Additional samples were taken from attached suckers...

  • Keywords : DISEASE CONTROL; INFLORESCENCES; BXW

  • Open access : No

  • Document on publisher's site : close View article on publisher's site

  • Musalit document ID : IN110054


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