Bacterial wilt of enset (Ensete ventricosum) incited by Xanthomonas musacearum sp. n



  • Authors : Yirgou, D.; Bradbury, J.F.

  • Document type : Journal article

  • Year of publication : 1968

  • Journal title : Phytopathology

  • Number : 58


  • Pages : 111-112

  • Peer-reviewed : Yes

  • ISSN : 0031-949X

  • Language(s) : English

  • Abstract : Heavy losses in E. ventricosum, an important staple crop in Ethiopia, are caused by a wilt disease in which the inner folds of the drooping heartleaf are covered with greyish-brown patches. Eventually the leaf breaks at the petiole and yellowish bacterial slime oozes from the vascular bundles. All the leaves wilt, bend over, and wither, causing the death of the plant. A previously undescribed bacterium was isolated from affected plants and was pathogenic to enset and banana. The name X. musacearum Yirgou & Bradbury is proposed and details are given of the physiological and biochemical characteristics of.the pathogen. None of 19 other plant spp. inoculated showed symptoms within 5-6 weeks.

  • Keywords : XANTHOMONAS CAMPESTRIS; BACTERIAL WILTS; ENSETE VENTRICOSUM; ETHIOPIA

  • Open access : No

  • Musalit document ID : IN060596


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